A Short History of Chocolate
Chocolate! A substance first discovered by Europeans when the explorer Hernando Cortez reached Mexico in 1519 and found that the civilization of the emperor, Montezuma and the Aztec peoples, treated this amazing substance with reverence. At that time, chocolate (called chocolatl) was used as a refreshing and potent drink.
It wasn't until about the mid-1850's, and many experiments later primarily in Britain and Holland, that it came to be the chocolate we know today.
Some interesting facts about chocolate include:
- The cocoa tree grows 20° either side of the equator, cocoa pods contain 20 to 30 beans each, and about 400 beans are required to make a pound of chocolate.
- Brazil and the Ivory Coast are leaders in the cocoa bean belt, accounting for nearly half of the world's cocoa.
- In the early 1500's, cocoa beans were used as currency - about 100 beans would buy a slave.
- In the 1700's people in the colonies (later the U.S.) drank chocolate as a medicine.
- Pure chocolate is virtually free of cholesterol and salt.
- Chocolate manufacturers currently use 40% of the world's almonds and 20% of the world's peanuts.
- While the United States leads the world in cocoa bean importation and chocolate production, Switzerland continues as the leader in per capita chocolate consumption.
Evidence from scientific studies is mounting that some of the inherent qualities of chocolate are good for our health, thereby supporting our centuries old fascination with chocolate! Today, Chocolate is ubiquitous - a favourite in many cultures - bringing smiles to the faces of our visitors - creating chocoholics, and spawning many sayings such as:
- Chocolate is the Answer... who cares what the question is!
- Milk Chocolate... for all it's worth!
When all else fails... Fudge it!
- S.O.S. - Need chocolate!!
- I'd stop eating chocolate, but I'm no quitter!
- Put "eat chocolate" at the top of your list of things to do today.
That way at least you will get one thing done!